International Port Terminals Update July 2022

international port

Provides a summary of terminal operating conditions in Japan, Korea, China, Hong Kong, Singapore, Malaysia, USA, Europe and UK

Courtesy of Freight & Trade Alliance (FTA)

Typhoon AERE landed at Sasebo (Nagasaki) on July 5, 2022 early morning. All ports continue to operate as normal with no major impacts.

Pusan: Terminal capacity utilisation remains at high level of 85% due to increased import
transhipments and vessel bunching. All Pusan terminals have restricted gate-in access for
local and transhipment exports to within 3 to 5 days in an effect to improve terminal capacity
utilisation. Vessel berthing waiting time varies from 6 hours to 24 hours depending upon
terminal concerned.

Shanghai: Average berth-waiting time is 0.5 up to1 day at SIPGSD YS4 terminal and 1 to 2 days Waigaoqiao Port (WGQ) terminal. Terminal capacity utilisation is at 69% and continues to improve.
Ningbo: Terminal capacity utilisation is at over 85%. Average berth-waiting time is 3-4 days.
Terminals are encountering vessel berthing congestion. Longer vessel waiting times can be expected for vessels with high volumes of reefer and dangerous goods to be discharged.
Port maybe subject to strong monsoonal winds which could see lower vessel productivity.
Nansha: Guangzhou South China Oceangate Container Terminal (GOCT) terminal berthing is currently with an average waiting time of up to 24 hours.
Yantian: Vessel berthing and waiting time is currently around 1 to 1.5 days. Vessels with large discharge for reefer and dangerous goods containers are experiencing longer waiting time for a vessel berth. Terminal capacity is currently at 80%. To control terminal capacity extra vessel loaders are being prioritised. To cope with the vast increase in import-export DG containers YICT is continuing to upgrade the current DG terminal to allow for additional
capacity. Yantian port has reintroduced control measures due to COVID 19 at various terminals having implemented restrictions in the handling of import reefer containers loaded
with fruits that have originated from Vietnam.
Qingdao: Vessel berthing delays and congestion is being impacted by fog which is leading to
intermittent closure of port terminals. Average berthing waiting time is now 2 to 4 days.
Shekou: All berths are currently operating however terminal capacity utilisation remains at 82% to 86%. Vessel wating time is currently around 1 to 3 days. Vessel port time stay is currently longer due to the epidemic impact of COVID. From 1 July 2022 all terminals have lifted imports restrictions in the handling of import reefer containers loaded with fruits that have originated from Vietnam. There is currently a ban on import cargo for dangerous goods IMO 3, IMO 8 and non-dangerous chemical cargo being Boric Acid.

Hong Kong: Modern Terminals Limited (MTL) utilisation and capacity is at 58% for general containers and utilisation for reefer containers continues to be at a high level. Priority is
being given to export vessels where export volume is greater than import discharge volume.
Average vessel waiting time is 0 to 18 hours. Longer waiting time is expected for import discharging vessels and subject to available terminal capacity.

Vessel berthing average waiting time is less than 24 hours for Import and export
vessels due to delays from China ports. Terminal capacity utilisation is currently sitting at 80%. Terminal priority is still being directed towards export loading vessels to improve terminal capacity utilisation. Due to the heighten risk of the spread of COVID-19 PSA introduced “enhanced safe management measures” for contactless cargo operations
effective from 3 May. PSA as a precautionary measure, has suspended crew change and vaccination of crew at the Port of Singapore. This change effects crew with recent travel history to Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, and Zimbabwe within the last 14 days preceding arrival to Singapore.

Port Klang vessel berthing waiting time at Westports is from 12 to 30 hours.
Terminal capacity utilisation is around 79%. Northport vessel berthing average waiting time is around 8 hours. Terminal capacity utilisation is 80%. Vessel berthing priority is based on the amount of vessel loading moves. Delays are being encountered due to vessel bunching and further delays from origin ports.

Los Angeles-Long Beach: There is currently 3 container vessels at anchor or within the 25-mile zone of the port and 16 vessels either slow steaming or waiting outside the 25-mile
zone awaiting berthing at LAX/LGB as of 04 July 2022. Vessels within the 25-mile zone mile are waiting an average of 1 to 3 days for a berth depending on the terminal. The new process to improve safety and air quality off the Southern California coast for container vessels has reduced the number of backlogged ships at anchorage off the Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach. The process called for each vessel to be assigned a place in the
arrival queue based on their departure time from their last port of call and requires vessels to wait for an available berth approximately 150 miles off the California coast.
LAX imports wait time currently sits at 4.4 days, down from 11 days. On dock rail has fallen to be at 7.8 days down from 13.4 days. Chassis pool utilisation remains at 86% with 40 FT
containers being at the highest demand.
Local trucking delays have been reduced and are being closely monitored by industry due to the lack of chassis. The lack of chassis is affecting all transport moves from local deliveries
to terminal moves.
New York: As of 04 July 2022, there were 16 container vessels reported at anchorage awaiting a berth. Waiting times for vessel berths are running upwards of 20 days depending on terminal. Terminal utilisation capacity at Maher is at 92%, GCT Bayonne 75% and 72% at APMT. All terminals report high berth utilisation. Current import dwell depending on terminal is running at around 6.3 days at APM, 5.2 days at Maher, and 8 days at GCT Bayonne.
Empty containers continue to be extremely high.

Antwerp: Labour availability remains stable with sufficient operational resources. However,
the upcoming holiday season is likely to have an impact of labour availability. Terminal
capacity utilisation is at around 85% for both general and reefer containers.
Rotterdam: Europe Container Terminal (ECT) labour availability has stabilised following the
conclusion of the vacation period. Terminal capacity utilisation is at 81%. Terminal is currently
seeing long dwell time for import and transhipment cargo. There is currently around 3,000 TEU’s of customs blocked Russian cargo within the terminal. Terminal is currently facing high volumes and to maintain productivity and control it is hoped that swift pick up will occur for import containers.
Rotterdam World Gateway Terminal is currently seeing labour availability at stable levels.
However, the upcoming vacation period will stress labour availability. Terminal capacity utilization stand between 85 – 90% due to high volume of import containers being discharged
at the port. Export cargo acceptance at the terminal is 8 days in advance of vessel ETA.
Vessels are currently facing longer than normal berthing times due to the amount of import cargo. Terminal is currently not receiving empty containers until further notice in an effect to
reduce terminal container capacity utilisation.
Southampton: The availability of labour has been slightly reduced this week compared to
previous weeks. Terminal capacity utilisation is at 80%. Empty container park capacity utilisation has increased to around 90% of its operational capacity. Export cargo acceptance
is 10 days in advance of vessel ETA. An off-site temporary storage location has been secured for early arriving export and for long stay import containers.
London Gateway: Labour availability remains at a much higher level leading to all shifts being fully manned. Terminal capacity utilisation is now at 72%. Empty container park capacity utilisation is now back to 100% of its operational capacity. Terminal productivity is good along with the throughput of vessels.
Hamburg: Container Terminal Altenwerder (CTA) labour availability is at a critical level this week with full labour gangs in short supply. Terminal capacity utilisation remains unchanged at around 90% which is above the limit for efficient terminal operations. This continues to be triggered by heavy import container volumes and reduced import container collection from the terminal. Export cargo acceptance via truck is officially 48 hours in advance of vessel ETA.
However, practically it is 24 hours or in some cases less. Split port calls between Hamburg and Wilhelmshaven are being used to ease terminal capacity utilisation.
Container Terminal Burchardkai (CTB) labour availability remains steady however maximum
deployment is being restrained by terminal capacity limitations due to recent industrial action.
Terminal capacity utilisation stands at 85%. High terminal capacity utilisation, a backlog of
keyside maintenance and labour restraints is leading to lower terminal productivity which in
turn is seeing longer port stay time for vessels.
Le Havre: Terminal capacity utilisation is now at 64%. Empty container park capacity utilisation is at 72%. The increased number of vessel arrivals has led to a labour shortage.
Continuing berth maintenance and construction quayside has limited berthing space for
vessel greater than 400 meters. This maintenance is scheduled to be completed by around 25 July 2022.
Weekly industrial action of around 5 hours continues to impact Le Havre terminal operations.

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